A supercollider is a large loop designed to accelerate proton and anti-proton particles for collision. Its purpose is to generate large amounts of energy in a stabilized and controlled environment.
In the mid-1980s, the United States wanted to build the world’s largest particle recorder. However, as escalating costs over multiple revised assessments became financially impossible, the project was ended prior to completion. Now, nineteen years after construction, it is still deserted and empty. What was called the SSC began as an idea in 1983. Four years of pressure meant that the 1987 Congress passed a bill allocated to the $ 4.4 billion project. A location was selected in Texas, and construction began in 1991 on what was to be the world’s largest rider.
By 1993, cost forecasts had risen to more than $ 12 billion. With limited financial resources, the U.S. government has had to choose between financing the International Space Station (ISS) or the Particulars Party. Congress approved funding for the International Space Station and on October 21, 1993, the SSC project was canceled.
With the cancellation of the project, 14 miles of tunnels and 17 areas were already excavated, and all the buildings were completed. Total expenses: $ 2 billion.
After the project was canceled, the site was given to Ellis County, Texas. Many attempts to sell the property failed until 2006, when a private investment group finally bought the property. Rumor has it that there are plans to use SSC as a Level III or IV data center, but in 2011 the property was still abandoned and abandoned. All absorbing equipment was removed except for a few underground generators in the tunnels.
In terms of perspective, the largest particle accelerator currently operating is the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN in Switzerland. The CERN LHC impact capacity of 14TV (trillion volts electronic) is reduced as a result of the planned production of 40TV for the super-cooling supercollider.
Why did LHC succeed and SSC fail?
The CERN construction of the great Hadron Collider rider on a property that already had tunnels was an important factor; Excavating millions of tons of land turned out to be the most expensive part of the construction process. In addition, SSC is designed to be the biggest factor in the world; Being larger than the Large Hadron Collider, SSC costs could be expected to be higher.
The unexpected costs that increased significantly in size alongside the project were those that would lead to SSC entry. The largest particle collector in the United States is also the third-largest in the world: Teptron, completed in 1983 at a cost of $ 120 million, is located in the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab) in Illinois.
Tevatron is much smaller than Super Conducting SuperCollider; It only produces TeV 1 at its maximum output. Unfortunately, due to a budget cut, Tetron stopped in Permilab in October 2011. The costs associated with film management – even on a smaller scale – outweigh the benefits to the current budget landscape.
The second largest collider in the world today is the Healy Ion Collider (RHIC), run by New York’s Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL).